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What Drugs Interact With Metronidazole?

Francisco Church
Chief Editor of - Recovery Ranger

Francisco Church is a rehabilitation specialist and the chief editor of Recovery Ranger. He creates this site to offer guidance and support to individuals seeking...Read more

Metronidazole is a prescription drug used to treat a variety of bacterial infections. It is important to be aware of the potential drug interactions when taking metronidazole, as some drugs may reduce its effectiveness or cause serious side effects. In this article, we will discuss what drugs interact with metronidazole and the potential consequences of taking them together.

What Drugs Interact With Metronidazole?

What Drugs Interact With Metronidazole?

What is Metronidazole?

Metronidazole is an antibiotic medication used to treat infections caused by bacteria. It is often prescribed for bacterial vaginosis, pelvic inflammatory disease, and various other infections. It can also be used to treat certain types of parasitic infections. Metronidazole is available in tablet, capsule, and liquid forms, as well as in an intravenous (IV) form.

It is important to be aware that certain drugs can interact with metronidazole. This can be dangerous and lead to increased side effects or even serious complications. It is important to talk to your doctor about any other medications, supplements, or vitamins you may be taking before starting metronidazole.

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Drugs That Interact With Metronidazole

Certain drugs interact with metronidazole and can increase the risk of side effects or complications. These drugs include anticoagulants, certain anti-seizure medications, certain antibiotics, and certain cancer medications.

Anticoagulants

Anticoagulants, also known as blood thinners, are medications used to prevent the formation of blood clots. Metronidazole can interact with these drugs and increase the risk of bleeding. It is important to tell your doctor if you are taking any anticoagulants before starting metronidazole.

Anti-Seizure Medications

Certain anti-seizure medications, such as phenytoin and phenobarbital, can interact with metronidazole and increase the risk of seizures. It is important to tell your doctor if you are taking any anti-seizure medications before starting metronidazole.

Interactions With Other Drugs

Metronidazole can also interact with certain antibiotics and cancer medications. Ciprofloxacin, an antibiotic, can interact with metronidazole and increase the risk of side effects. Imatinib, a cancer medication, can also interact with metronidazole and increase the risk of side effects. It is important to tell your doctor if you are taking any of these medications before starting metronidazole.

Interactions With Supplements and Vitamins

Metronidazole can interact with certain supplements and vitamins, such as iron, magnesium, and zinc. It is important to tell your doctor if you are taking any supplements or vitamins before starting metronidazole.

Interactions With Alcohol

Metronidazole can interact with alcohol and increase the risk of side effects. It is important to avoid drinking alcohol while taking metronidazole.

Short-Term Effects

The short-term effects of drinking alcohol while taking metronidazole can include nausea, vomiting, headaches, and dizziness.

Long-Term Effects

The long-term effects of drinking alcohol while taking metronidazole can include liver damage, stomach ulcers, and an increased risk of certain cancers.

Top 6 Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is Metronidazole?

Metronidazole is an antibiotic used to treat a variety of bacterial and parasitic infections. It’s available in tablet and capsule form and can be taken orally, intravenously, or as a topical cream. It works by stopping the growth of bacteria and parasites.

2. What Types of Drugs Interact With Metronidazole?

Metronidazole interacts with several different types of drugs, including anticoagulants, anticonvulsants, antidepressants, antipsychotics, antifungals, antihistamines, and antiretrovirals. It can also interact with certain supplements, such as vitamins, minerals, and herbs.

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3. What Are the Potential Side Effects of Drug Interactions With Metronidazole?

The potential side effects of drug interactions with metronidazole can be serious and include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, dizziness, headache, confusion, blurred vision, and seizures. It can also cause liver damage and anemia.

4. What Should Patients Avoid When Taking Metronidazole?

Patients should avoid alcohol, grapefruit juice, and certain foods while taking metronidazole. Alcohol can increase the risk of certain side effects, such as nausea and vomiting, and grapefruit juice can increase the amount of metronidazole in the body. Certain foods, such as dairy, can also interfere with the absorption of the drug.

5. What Should Patients Tell Their Doctor Before Taking Metronidazole?

Patients should tell their doctor any other medications they are taking, including over-the-counter drugs and supplements. They should also inform their doctor of any allergies they have or any medical conditions they have that may be affected by the drug.

6. What Should Patients Do If They Experience Side Effects From Metronidazole?

Patients should contact their doctor if they experience any side effects from Metronidazole. They should also tell their doctor if the side effects are getting worse or if they are experiencing any new symptoms. The doctor may need to adjust the dosage or change the medication.

Metronidazole vs alcohol Drug Interaction | Disulfiram Like reaction

Metronidazole is a powerful drug used to treat bacterial infections, but it can also interact with other medications. It is important to consult a doctor or pharmacist before taking any other medications with Metronidazole, as some drugs can cause serious health problems. By being aware of the potential drug interactions and following your doctor’s advice, you can ensure that you are taking the right medication and using it safely.

Francisco Church is a rehabilitation specialist and the chief editor of Recovery Ranger. He creates this site to offer guidance and support to individuals seeking to overcome addiction and achieve lasting sobriety. With extensive experience in the field of addiction treatment, Francisco is dedicated to helping individuals access the resources they need for successful recovery.

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